Author Topic: The Free Seed Company CIC  (Read 184 times)

FreeSeedCo

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The Free Seed Company CIC
« on: 2020-04-27, 11:37:51 AM »
Hi all! Thank you very much for adding me to this forum. I am hoping for a little guidance please?

I run a little social project called The Free Seed Company CIC. We collect unwanted and unused seeds and donate them to schools and community projects in the UK. We are completely non-profit.

I am aiming to take Free Seed Co. in the direction of heritage/open source seeds next year - growing our own and hopefully becoming a little more self-reliant in terms of stock for the donations we send out.

Open source seems like an ideal way to go and although I am a capable gardener I was looking for any tips, hints or can you foresee any problems I may run into?

I have secured a site to grow from and will start preparing once we are safer from Covid19.

Thanks in advance!

John

John@thefreeseedcompany.org

William S.

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Re: The Free Seed Company CIC
« Reply #1 on: 2020-04-27, 12:46:46 PM »
Depends on which seeds you want to grow seed to seed what you will need.

Books:

The Seed Garden
Seed to Seed
The Organic Seed Grower: A Farmer's Guide to Vegetable Seed Production

Basically some annuals are simple the seed is the crop. So dry beans are the seed. Wheat is the seed.

Then some require wet processing and or fermentation. Tomatoes this is the case. Once you have this down its pretty easy.

Then some are easy biennials. Carrots this is the case. Except if you have queens anne's lace then it's a caging situation.

Then you have biennials that require winter storage facilities. Like I've never grown beet or chard seed successfully because it just didn't survive the winter for me. So you need some facilities for that. Or not depending on your climate. If beets and chard reliably survive the winter you may not.

Long term seed storage a store room a dehydator and a freezer may be needed eventually.

Then isolation distances. If you have one field, that means one variety each of many crops. Keep in mind you can alternate years in a small garden then store seed in a freezee for many years. Or do a lot of bagging and hand pollinating.

So I guess I would recommend keeping it simple. Start with easy popular crops. Just a few broadly adapted varieties of each species.  Or use a few extremely diverse varieties that will adapt.

Lots depends on your site. You might give lots more details. Size, location, latitude, growing zone, site prep, commercial crops grown nearby.

Some easy seed crops:
Bread Seed Poppies,
Corn (Zea mays)
Tomatoes
Winter Squash (3 species can be grown)
Beans
Fava
Sunflowers
Watermelons
Cantaloupes

« Last Edit: 2020-04-28, 08:20:41 AM by William S. »
Western Montana garden, glacial lake Missoula sediment lacustrian silty clay mollisoil sometimes with added sand in places. Zone 6A with 100 to 130 frost free days

Steph S

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Re: The Free Seed Company CIC
« Reply #2 on: 2020-05-07, 05:49:11 PM »
Hi John,

The easiest seeds to start with will be annual self pollinating crops that do well in your climate.  Peas and lettuce come to mind.   These crops mostly self pollinate before insect pollinators get to them, so the varieties tend to come true to seed.   With peas, as William said, they are the seed so let them mature on the vine and then harvest.   
With lettuce, look at your 'days to maturity' for an idea of how early they will bolt.  Romaines tend to be late bolting, so plant early and expect a late harvest.  Other lettuces are earlier.  Again there are many OP's available and will tend to come true, rather than crossing with others.  I have grown several varieties fairly close to one another and did not find any crossed seed at distances of 2 to 10 ft.  (If they do cross, all is not lost, it will still be lettuce and may be interesting!)
With self pollinators, you are not limited to one variety in a small space, so you can grow several kinds with fair assurance they will not cross pollinate.
Grains such as wheat and barley are in this category too, which self pollinate or wind pollinate, so that some effort  or close interplanting of varieties is required to cross them, otherwise if planted in blocks of the same var,  they will self and your seed will be true.

Another very easy seed crop is green onions (aka spring onions I believe).  They are biennial, but it is not difficult to find varieties hardy enough to overwinter.  I have one called Hardy Evergreen, for example, which endures our hard winters and flowers in early spring.    So if your goal is to produce useful vegetable seeds, planting a patch of green onions to leave and overwinter is an easy step toward next year's crop.  Same goes for leeks.  Many varieties can be overwintered without any special protection, and in their second year they produce seed.  They will not cross with green onions.  Bulb onions are more complicated, you would need to harvest and store them, then replant the following year to make seed, generally.

Brassicas can be tricky because of their familial relationships and outcrossing habit.   The asian greens which are annuals, you have to stagger your planting times so that you don't have two flowering at the same time that will cross.  Yu Choy, Mizuna, Michihili or Napa cabbage, are among the many B. rapa varieties that will certainly be crossed by insects if they flower together.  Turnips are in the same genus, and others.
Broccoli, cauliflower and some kales are B. oleracea.  So you can choose only one from that group at a time, but you can make a seed crop at the same time as any of the B. rapa.   Some types such as cabbage are biennial, you would need a good patch of them with protection I guess, to overwinter. (I haven't done cabbage).

Again, it depends on the crops you had in mind.  If you have any specific questions, ask and someone can probably help.